M4A1 Sherman Tank

The first standard-production 76 mm gun-armed Sherman was an M4A1, accepted in January 1944, which first saw combat in July 1944 during Operation Cobra. 

The 76mm-armed Sherman began to enter British and South African service around the time of the Gothic Line battles. This was because versions armed with the original 75mm gun were in short supply. In Italy, both types were used more against German fortifications than tanks.

The Gothic Line was a German and Italian defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II. It formed the Germans’ last major line of defence along the summits of the northern part of the Apennine Mountains during the fighting retreat of the German forces in Italy against the Allied Armies in Italy, 

The new 76mm gun made the Sherman more capable against enemy tanks than the 75mm it replaced, although not by as much as had been hoped. In contrast, its High Explosive shell was actually less powerful, and in Italy this saw much more use. Both types were used by all Allied nations until the end of the war, and 76mm Shermans continued in service around the world into the 1960s.

This M4A1 Sherman Tank was on display at The Tank Museum. It was one of 3,426 Sherman IlAs built by the Pressed Steel Car company in Chicago during 1944 and early 1945. It has modifications suggesting it was upgraded under the Mutual Defense Assistance Program during the 1950s, which supplied Shermans to European nations. It came to The Tank Museum in 1989.